Last May, I posted how I put together slideshows using Aperture and Final Cut. Since then, Apple’s updated iMovie significantly, and now many of the features which had been missing (specifically, precision placement of videos in the “timeline”) have been added to the consumer-level product, making it a viable choice for slideshow editing.
When I sat down to edit a slideshow for this summer’s Roseville Thunder team, I decided to give iMovie another try. To make a long story short, I’m thoroughly impressed, and I think that in almost all situations iMovie is finally better suited for this task than it’s more professionally-skewed brethren! Overall, the result is on par with or exceeding efforts which in the past had taken me several days (of working time) to complete in Final Cut Pro; this took me less than a single day of work (about 5 hours, all told).
Now, though, the blow-by-blow.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )
How Have We Fared?
It’s been two and a half weeks since we pulled the trigger on dropping satellite television, and about three weeks since we started the grand experiment of moving all our “passive video” intake to the web.
How have we fared through this transition? The riots were quelled without too much bloodshed. The voices in our heads rushed forward to fill the silence of the room, but were beaten back before they got overtly destructive. The kids are even talking to us again.
Really, though, it’s been more of a non-event than we had dared imagine. We’ve learned a thing or two, though, that somewhat surprised me.
Starting off with the bad: what’s broken?
Hardware-wise, I’ve concluded that the old PowerBook laptop isn’t all that great of a media center. Watching Hulu, the video sometimes stutters rather significantly, pausing every minute or so for a half second or so at a time (it’d be nice if Hulu offered something which stated the actual throughput or frame rate we are achieving!). I think it’s primarily a bandwidth (either at the network or CPU levels) issue, although the couple of times we’ve seen it happening with mostly-static shots has me wondering. We’ve tested our network throughput and get pretty good numbers for that through the site Hulu recommends (SpeedTest.net), and Hulu states they should run smoothly on 1Mbps, so I don’t think we are hitting a WAN network issue. The PowerBook has 802.11g networking on it, and is getting good interference-free throughput to the modem, so I don’t think the LAN is an issue either. The problem I have is that Hulu won’t give any CPU minimum requirements, so the G4 not being able to keep up with Flash video is definitely a possibility. In fact, it’s my main suspect right now (Flash is notoriously under-tuned on OS X and PPC processors especially, and the 1.67GHz G4 was last made about three years ago and was under-performing in general for non-optimized software even then).
This is quite separate from the general 15-fps problem with Hulu and some videos. “Chuck”, for instance, comes across at about 15fps on Hulu, even on a fast Intel computer and the 30Mbps connection at work (tested after-hours as an experiment only, honest!) The same is true of Heroes. This makes the video seem to stutter and jerk, especially when there is a lot of action on-screen. I suspect this is an artifact of the process: simply doing a pull-down or even line-doubling from interlaced broadcast SD (30 fields per second, 2 fields per frame) to progressive digital sub-SD (15 frames per second). However, the better digital feeds for these programs exist (the SD download of Heroes on AppleTV, for instance, is completely free of these artifacts). At first blush, the choice between Hulu and AppleTV appears to be ad-supported versus bought; in reality, though, Hulu also throws in resolution and frame rate issues which AppleTV avoids. This pushes “anything with action” significantly towards the AppleTV front, in turn pushing everything else back towards Hulu or the like.
On the AppleTV front, I’ve found that downloading HD shows is a mixed bag.
Begin camera geekery for a moment:
This is my first time watching HD video, and I was surprised at how much more obvious focus issues are in HD. Obviously, I knew that the “circle of confusion” would tighten with more resolution. I just didn’t realize how tight the DOF is being held in, for instance, Heroes. Watching a Heroes broadcast last week, I was distracted time and again by character’s faces going in and out of focus as they naturally shifted closer and further away from the camera. There was an entire scene where the main character’s face filled the screen, and their hairline was perfectly in focus, but their eyes out of focus! The previous week’s episode had me enthralled from beginning to end, counting the makeup imperfections and pock marks on previously blemish-free actors’ faces, and I didn’t notice the focal plane issues at all. I suspect it’s a director’s mindset at play here: if the episode’s director is used to the SD resolution and is tightening DOF for style as much as possible for that resolution, the HD DOF will be too tight.
Okay, camera geekery done. Safe for everyone to come out again.
Back to the AppleTV in general: HD episodes take a really long time to download. The AppleTV is also rather finicky about how it downloads them: if you purchase multiple episodes at once, it doesn’t download in the order you bought them, but instead starting with the most recently aired. Tip to Apple: if I’m downloading multiple episodes in a series, I probably want to watch them in order! The least-recent should be given priority, not the most-recent! I’m seeing times of about 2 hours before the episode is “watchable”, and in one case starting it right then we ended up about five minutes from the end having to pause so it could get the last bit downloaded before we watched it.
Overall, I think the remainder of our purchases will be in SD. It’ll save us $1 each, and will be a much more seamless operation.
“NickJr” is a frustrating experience. When it works, it works passably well. When it doesn’t, it fails in the most unpredictable ways. For instance, the other day it would not load at all on the kids’ iMac upstairs. Looking into Safari’s activity window, it would get hung up trying to download stuff from “overture” (which is a rather questionable bit to be tied into a kids’ website to begin with, but that’s another topic). Going downstairs, though, it loaded (albeit slowly as always) just fine on the G4 PowerBook. Other sites were slow, but not inoperative. Turns out we’d restarted the WiFi access point and it had shifted from Channel 11 (which the iMac receives very well) to Channel 1 (which, inexplicably, doesn’t work well at all on the iMac); changing the 802.11 channel to “11” from “Automatic” fixed the issue.
Luckily NBC.com is largely redundant with the existence of Hulu. However, the sites odd definition of “fullscreen” which seems to mean “about 2/3 of the screen with a thick border and distracting edge ad” is annoying. CBS.com also suffers from this dictionary deficiency.
Show availabilty is also frustrating.
- “The Biggest Loser” is available on Hulu, but, unlike everything else, is a week and a day behind broadcast instead of just a day behind. We watched last week’s episode on AppleTV, but I don’t think we’re willing to spend $2 per week on this show, so we’ll just be a week and some behind instead (or skip it altogether).
- “Project Runway” and “The Amazing Race” are not available anywhere aside from YouTube. YouTube’s interface is really crappy and the quality is substandard and everything is chopped up into 10-minute pieces requiring a whole lot of mousework to watch an episode from start to finish. Hitting it on the AppleTV might help, except that typing anything into the search interface there is a horrible experience as well. I strongly question CBS and Bravo pushing their users to get these shows ad-free and low-quality instead of providing them through their already-established avenues.
- “Primeval” was available on BBC-America’s website, I swear. We watched two episodes of it there even! But, no longer. Now they just offer useless “clips”. Another show which might die on the vine because it doesn’t necessarily make the $2 cut. Note to execs: it’s a lot easier for us to emotionally invest in a show and pay the $2 per episode to get it in high quality with the knowledge that if we need to cut back we can watch the remainder of the season for ‘free’ ad-supported. Before Primeval was cut from online availability it was on the cusp of AppleTV watching. Now that it’s no longer available ad-supported, it’s fallen off that cusp, and into ‘not watched’.
So, what works?
- To get the laptop working really well with our TV, we used DisplayConfigX. Highly recommended to get rid of the overscan and deal with the flaky VGA output of PowerBook G4s (which tend to inexplicably start shifting output to the left and up, losing the entire Apple Menu and half the menu bar; apparently this is termed “losing the back porches” and if you google for “horizontal back porch” you’ll find more information on this than you could ever want).
- A Wireless Mighty Mouse helps a lot in controlling a laptop across the room, but for search fields one needs a keyboard. You can either get up and key it all in at the laptop, or bring up the “Keyboard Viewer” (go into International settings and enable it as an input method) to bring up a mouse keyboard on the screen.
- Even better than a wireless mouse and screen keyboard, if we have another laptop open in our laps: Leopard’s built-in Screen Sharing works really well for controlling the laptop from afar.
- On the AppleTV front, my wife’s iPod Touch has a really nice “Remote” application (free download from Apple in the iTunes Store). This gives a keyboard for keying in search fields, which is only about 100,000 times better than using the remote and the onscreen keyboard to type anything more than three characters.
- We’ve been watching quite a few shows online. My sister-in-law has even traded hours of Judge Judy watching for hours of Barney Miller watching on Hulu.
- HD quality is really nice as a novelty, but not something I feel I need for every single show. As I said above, I have found it distracting as often as I’ve found it beautiful.
- Boxee is an absolutely wonderful addition to our Apple TV.
A Few Words About Boxee
Boxee is an open-source streaming media application, available for OS X, Linux, and Apple TV. It’s based on the “XBMC” project which provides some (but certainly not all) of the same functionality for Windows boxes. Most importantly, it supports seamless streaming of YouTube, CBS, CNN, Comedy Central, Hulu, and the major podcast networks (Revision 3, Next New Networks, etc) in a consistent and big-screen-ready interface.
Boxee is in “invite-only alpha” right now. Anyone with an account on Boxee can invite anyone else to join up, or you can put your email address in to the site’s front page and hope they invite you next Monday. Hint: I have an account, and comments are open on this post.
I just put it on yesterday (coincidentally, the day that Hulu broke on it!), so haven’t been able to give it a really solid run-through yet, but it looks like most of our watching on the main screen from here on out will be via it and Apple TV instead of the G4 sitting next to the screen. Hulu changed something about how it delivered ads in the last two days, which broke Boxee, but Boxee had an update out this morning which appears to have fixed it.
It offers a significantly-improved interface for YouTube (full screen without the playhead bar at the bottom!) as well as Comedy Central and CNN (Comedy Central, however, is significantly more “skippy” than Hulu, so we’ll stick to getting The Daily Show from Hulu). YouTube searches are remembered, effectively giving us a “channel” for The Amazing Race and Project Runway (major caveat: YouTube video quality is still two steps below VHS in a strong magnetic field, and Boxee can’t do a thing about that).
The installation was rather straightforward, although it required creating a “patch stick” USB drive and restarting the Apple TV twice. The only hitch was that we needed to “Update” Boxee twice after the install because the first Update didn’t get the absolute latest alpha. Final bit about Boxee is that it is open source alpha software. It’s worked quite well for us so far, but I won’t be overly surprised if it crashes and burns some night. We’ll keep the G4 next to the TV just in case.
Overall, I’m very hopeful that Boxee will make our setup even nicer than we need it to be, saving us energy (no need to have another laptop going while watching Hulu) and annoyance (trying to operate the wireless mouse across the room is annoying). The verdict is still out, but it’s looking good both from a general quality standpoint and a responsiveness-to-crisis standpoint.
Surprisingly, not much!
- I really wish that Boxee’s functionality (streaming of ad-supported content) was built into Apple TV instead of a “hack” on top of it.
- The unavailable shows (Project Runway, Amazing Race) which drive us to revenue-free sources (YouTube) instead of letting us watch ads or pay $2 an episode are examples of network short-sightedness. Hopefully over the next several months these last non-streaming holdouts shift course.
- I really wish AppleTV supported a wireless keyboard and mouse in addition to the remote control and iPod Touch Remote app. The latter is a good replacement for a keyboard if you happen to have a Touch or iPhone sitting next to you on the couch, but I think a well designed “touchpad” type of stationary mouse and mini keyboard would be an awesome addition to the AppleTV experience!
Overall, this “experiment” is going quite well. Here in the middle of the fall television season, we’re purchasing about 2 shows per week on the AppleTV ($5/week, $20/month or so), which is a significant savings over DirecTV (on the order of $60/month). Everyone seems happy with the setup so far, and we haven’t felt the need to watch anything “live”, yet.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 5 so far )
With the iPod Touch out (and due to be updated next week), the doors have opened for a paradigm-shift in portable music playing.
The original portable music devices were centered squarely around albums, be that delivered in the form of a cassette or in the form of a CD. They strongly favored putting the album in, hitting the play button, and listening to it straight through. Whle CDs are obviously “digital music”, I don’t include them as such, as they are a digital equivalent to the analog forms which were three decades old at the time (LP, cassette).
The first digital players (MP3 CDs and Digital Rios, etc) broke through the album-orientation of portable music, allowing us to carry as many as ten albums with us and listen to them all mixed together. For the first time we could shuffle the entirety of our Pink Floyd collection!
The next wave of digital players brought a huge chunk of our libraries along: the Creative Nomads of the world. The interface, though, was still centered on two major use cases: navigate to a specific playlist to play, or put your entire library on random shuffle.
The third wave of digital music players came when Apple unveiled the iPod. Now, we could easily navigate to any of the artists or albums on our device, shuffle based on artist or album or entire music collection. We also had, importantly, desktop integration with iTunes. The “scroll wheel” metaphor was intuitively obvious for people seeing it the first time. Gone were the banks of buttons with indecipherable icons. The basic form underwent some serious tweaks and streamlining through the early 2000’s, but the main mechanism and interactions remained the same throughout.
I contend that the iPod Touch and iPhone constitute the fourth wave of digital music players. With this new device model, Apple (or someone else) has the chance to reinvent the basic interaction model.
Why would they want to do this? Primarily, because our digital music collections have, in general, far outgrown the bounds of the original iPod control scheme. I would go so far as saying that the iPod control and navigation scheme on an 80GB iPod Classic borders on unusable if you actually have even half that filled with music.
So, smarty-pants, what should we do about that? I’m glad you asked.
One of the great things about Aperture is the filter drop-down. The same controls that can be used to create a “smart album” are also available in the filter drop-down. For instance, with two clicks on the filter control (or one keyboard shortcut), I can quickly filter the view to only include the photos I’ve given one or more stars.
I often miss this functionality when listening to my iPod. There are albums that I love, start to finish: those I always just want to listen straight through. But there are many more albums where I’d much rather just listen to “my picks” from that album. You could arbitrarily say that’s everything 3-stars and above, but it’d be much nicer if I could also at times look at just the 4-star songs, etc.
In iTunes, I can sort by just about everything, including secondary fields (like “Album by Year” which sorts by year, then within that by album name, then within that by track number).
What do I get on the iPod? Generally, just sorted by Album. When coming in by Artist, the albums are sorted alphabetically, and the tracks beneath them in album order; the “All” pseudo-album has each track sorted alphabetically by album then by track order, making it useless to scan the artist’s discography (unless they released their albums alphabetically) as well as to find a specific song (unless you know all songs’ albums and track numbers).
The sort order need not be “hard coded” on the iPod Touch. The same “Filter” screen above could include a drop-down selection of various “Sort” options. I’m sure Apple can figure out the five most absolutely necessary ways to sort each of the screens on the iPod.
The “Artists” list on my iPod is next to useless. Why? Because every artist who ever sang one song which I liked is listed there. There’s no ability for me to scan through the artist list to find an artist I like as an artist (rather than as a one-hit-wonder).
I’d love to be able to filter the “Artist” list by “Only with at least this many songs [of a specific rating or higher]”.
I’d also love to be able to turn off/on the “Compilation Only” artists in the Artists list. Most of the time, I don’t need that artist who only exists in my library because I ripped my “The Good Crap from 2006” CD a few years back. I want to keep the song around (a one-hit-wonder category song), but I don’t need the artist showing up in my Artists list. Except, of course, for when I do: I sometimes hear a song on the radio and know the artist, or someone asks me if I have that song by that guy, and it’s nice to be able to look the artist up, compilation-only or not.
Similar to “Major Artists”, there are albums then there are albums. It’d be nice to be able to filter or otherwise highlight (highlighting would be really cool) a handful of different “album” types:
- “Albums” with only 1-2 songs in them. These are “one-hit-wonder” albums, regardless if the artist is a one-hit-wonder. If “of #” information is in the track numbers, then replace this with “less than 50% of the album”.
- Albums with fewer songs than the full album. This requires the “of #” track information to work, and would include all albums not in the above category and not full.
- Full/Overfull albums. Albums where all tracks are present and accounted for.
In addition, an indication of “average rating” would be nice. It shouldn’t be hard to pick up my iPod and find the ten most loved albums!
I live and die by my playlists. I have a “smart playlist” which automatically picks a certain percentage of 3-star songs, a higher percentage of 4-star songs, and all 5-star songs. I put that on “Shuffle” and it’s almost always a very Good Thing.
Invariably, though, ten or so songs in it’ll hit a song and I’ll say “Oh! I haven’t listened to that album in a long time!” Or, I’ll say, “Oh, that’s a good song by that group, now I want to listen to (some other specific song by them).” I then have to stop the playlist shuffle, go out to the Artists list, find the artist, find the album, and start playing.
There should be a shortcut while any song is playing: go to the artist for the song, go to the album for the song, list all playlists containing the song.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 2 so far )
I have just recently started down the path of adding geocoding to my Aperture workflow. This doesn’t apply to all the pictures I take yet; I only bother taking the GPS tracker out with me when going on a family hike, not to a sports field or such. Below is a summary of what my geocoding workflow looks like today. Keep in mind that it is still somewhat fluid and will likely evolve over the next 6-12 months.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 7 so far )
Some quick notes on the Apple TV and Aperture.
The Apple TV syncs with Aperture 1.x and presumably 2 as well (insert obligatory and off-topic Aperture 2 drool here). This is a wonderful thing, and has found significant use in our house since we bought an Apple TV a few weeks back.
That having been said, there are a few peculiarities with the Aperture – Apple TV system which need to be worked around.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
I’ve written on the subject of digital photo processing workflows before, but I’ve changed my workflow a bit, and came across an excellent workflow article, so it’s time for an update.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 3 so far )
When do I want to “rent” something, and when do I want to “own” it?First, let’s define those terms for the purpose of this discussion, as they’ve been redefined from their accepted meaning recently. I’ll take the current corporate definitions as the minimal acceptable definitions:
To Rent: To purchase the right to view or listen to or otherwise enjoy media content for a short amount of time. This need not include multiple viewings, but it must ensure that I will be able to enjoy the content from start to finish at least once in the given timespan, in a “real world” where kids need to be put to bed, baked goods need to come out of ovens, parents call on the phone, and solicitors need to be scared off the front porch.
To Own: I have unlimited access to the media content over time. For the purpose of this discussion that need not include backing it up onto different media or playing it in a plethora of devices (although that does come into the more advanced discussion of this topic as “To Rent” often implies restricted devices whereas “To Own” need not).
The Need to Own
Category 1: Comfort Insurance
Eventually, for each of us, life turns south. Our dog dies, the house burns down, the wife takes the kids back east, and we write bad country songs. It is at this time, precisely, that we need our “comfort” items: Mom’s cooking, a warm blanket, that song that reminds us of a better time, or that song that pushes us further into our malaise in hopes of burning it all up at once.
It is also, not coincidentally, at this time that our ability to pay ongoing rental fees is most likely to cease. We’re spending all our time Fed-Exing mix tapes across the country, and have nothing left to spend for rentals.So, my first category of items I feel a need to own are those that I want to have with me in such a situation.
Category 2: Likely to Disappear
Eventually, for every company, life turns south. The cash cow product dies, key employees leave, the VCs take the kids back east, and they sell their customer database to a spam merchant for half a penny per name. It is at this time, precisely, that we choose not to weep for them and instead worry about what kinds of information they’d been keeping on us.
This is also the time that any content they claimed ownership of is likely to become unavailable, if not forever, at least until the spam merchant and the IP “holding company” sell the goods back to a legitimate business.Anything I want to refer people to, talk about in more than a “past tense”, and which are likely to be put in a semi-permanent “vault” with frozen former corporate leader heads, I want to own.
Category 3: Repeat Offenders
If a rental model implies a fee per viewing/listen, or a fee per timeframe, or even a measurable inconvenience per viewing/listen/timeframe (such as having to re-download something) then this third category comes into play. Many items I want to view/listen to over and over again. In a purely economic sense, these items often turn into “must own” item because I’m spending more (time or money) renting them than I would have to purchase them outright.
How This All Relates To Industries
The Music Industry
Music is special to me. It sits in the background of everything I do. As such, it holds a unique power to stir memories and emotions which no other media possesses. I listen to my music library often on weighted-shuffle (the songs I really like coming up more often than those I just kinda like), but other times will listen to a new album non-stop for several days and in heavy rotation for several weeks, or will listen to specific mixes to get me out of a funk. It falls into all three categories above. A day without my music is torture. How did we survive without iPods all these many centuries?
Some music is only ever listened to once. I never know, however, if the song I am about to listen to is a one-time-listen or a listen-to-forever song until after I’ve heard it once and then come back (or not) to listen to it again. There are many songs from my youth that I’d never expect to have wanted to hear again, that I come back around to later on. The rule here is that a vast majority of music I hear and enjoy for some small amount of time I will want to come back around to years later. So, as a rule, music is to own, not to rent.
The Movie Industry
Movies are, by and large, view-once events for me. There are the odd movies which I want to see again and again (Fight Club is one, for instance), but by and large all which matters in terms of availability is that the movie is available when I first watch it (and if it isn’t, well, it doesn’t get watched). There are exceptions to this, but they are few and far between and so can be treated as exceptions rather than the rule.
I know, there are “movie buffs” who find the time to sit in a dark room concentrating on the same movie over and over again. For them, obviously, the question comes out differently.A lot of the enjoyment I get from a movie is just knowing where it’s going and experiencing the journey into the unknown once. Once I know how it ends, a huge amount of the joy of the journey is gone. I hate movie “spoilers” for this very reason.
For me, where the equation changes is family movies. We have kids, and kids tend to be more watch-over-and-over-again viewers. It’s in their natures. I will specifically not draw the obvious connection here to movie buffs, but the reader might take that as an exercise. So, “family” movies tend to be bought, and to sit on the DVD shelf waiting for the kids to want to see it. Also, “really good” movies tend to earn their place on this shelf, in hopes of one day sharing them with the kids; this is probably a waste of money and space, as by the time they’re mature enough to watch the movie there’s a pretty good chance they’ll only watch it once too … but such is life.
Some would naturally place television secondary to feature films. It’s designed for a rental type of model. I put it more on par with feature films, with one caveat: the time commitment to re-view a television series is much larger than a feature film, and the time commitment to re-view a television episode is much shorter. “Reruns” are generally scorned: if I’ve seen it once, there’s not much point in seeing it again, and in character-developing series the rerun often doesn’t fit in with the story arc I’m into in any case.
Still, some series, like Firefly, proudly sit on my DVD shelf, waiting for a week where the family has nothing more pressing going on and we can all sit down over a series of nights to watch the crew flitter about space.In general, though, TV is for renting. That’s how it was designed, and that’s how it plays in my mind.
Words on Dead Trees
Books are like movies. Once I know where the book is going, there’s not much point in continuing. The dedicated time commitment is just far too great to take on without a reward at the end. I tend not to refer books to friends or family other than by title (I mean, come on: you can pick the book up for $5 or less in paperback, why worry about borrowing my copy?)As with movies and TV shows, there are many who disagree with me.
Binary Encoded Operational Instructions
Okay, this is going to seem like a tangent to some folks, but the same rules apply to computer software. If it’s software I’m going to want to use again later (because it’s useful) or which is needed to access my own data, I want to own it. If it’s software I’m going to enjoy like a feature film (play a game through once, and nothing significant is different any subsequent time), I’d rather just rent it.
Unfortunately, all software is really just rented. Even if you “own” it, there’s no guarantee that the next computer you buy, or the next OS update, will continue to run it properly, and despite all best intentions I don’t today have a 486 sitting around to run Word 2.0.
What it All Means
I think many people are in the same boat as I with music, although a minority see no lasting value of it. For us, music should be bought freely, enjoyed without strings attached. A “subscription” model (essentially, all-you-can-eat rental) makes sense for new music discovery, but it violates two of the three criteria above (it’s not there when life gets rough, and it’s not there when the company offering it goes away — although in the latter case there is a high likelihood that you’d be able to find another company offering it).
Movies, TV, and books are more controversially split. I’m not sure where the “majority” lies in those three industries, but my gut feeling is that it’s not anywhere near as overwhelming a majority as in music. Many people get a great deal of enjoyment from a wall of DVD cases. Still, what’s important to the proverbial You is what makes the most sense to that You. Use the criteria above, or come up with your own, to decide where you stand, and hope that “majority rule” doesn’t take your preferred option away.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )